October is Mi’kmaq History Month, a time to increase our knowledge and awareness of Mi’kmaw culture, history and heritage.
October 1 is Treaty Day, an annual ceremony to reaffirm the historic presence of the Mi’kmaw who have occupied the land for thousands of years. By celebrating Treaty Day, we are giving thanks to the Mi’kmaw and the Crown for signing treaties of peace and friendship.
Each October, community activities, events, sharing and showcases of Mi’kmaw history takes place across Nova Scotia. All are welcome to participate in Mi’kmaq History Month events: mikmaqhistorymonth.ca/events/
World War I Mi’kmaw Veterans
Mi’maq History Month 2018 marks the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I and honours the Mi’kmaw soldiers or sma’knisk. More than 200 Mi’kmaw from Atlantic Canada enlisted to serve, and at least 89 were from Nova Scotia. Some returned home, others made the ultimate sacrifice for their families and communities.
Coming from isolated communities where Mi’kmaw was the first language, the soldiers overcame language barriers and cultural differences during their service. Many drew on their hunting skills and wilderness experiences, acting as guides, snipers and scouts. Several Mi’kmaw sma’knisk received high honours for their service.