On 24 October 2017, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations changed to reinstate the maximum age for a dependent child as under 22 years. (From 1 August 2014 to 23 October 2017, the maximum age was under 19 years).
The CCR has prepared a about the change, particularly with regard to people who have applications in process at the time of the regulatory change on 24 October 2017.
- The change in age affects all immigration categories (privately sponsored refugees, Government-Assisted Refugees, dependants of refugees accepted in Canada, Family Class sponsorships, dependants of Live-in Caregivers, and every other category).
- The change in age only applies to applications for permanent residence made on 24 October 2017 or later. It does not apply to any applications in process at the time of the change. (See more information in the, document under “Applications in process”)
- The rules about “lock-in dates” for the age of dependants continue to apply. In some multi-step processes, the age of the dependent child may be “locked in” at a date before the permanent residence application. This means that in some cases children who are older than the maximum age (19 until 24 Oct, 22 after 24 Oct) at the time of the permanent residence application count as dependants under the regulations, because their age is “locked in” at an earlier date in their process. (See more information in the document, under “Lock-in dates”.)
- People who completed the first step of a relevant multi-step process (e.g. made a refugee claim or applied for an initial Live-in Caregiver work permit application) before 1 August 2014 are subject to the pre-August 2014 rules regarding dependent children. The 24 October 2017 changes do not apply to them.
Multi-step processes and lock-in dates
Starting 1 August 2014, there are lock-in dates for some multi-step processes. The age of the dependent child is “locked in” at the first step in the process.
|Immigration category||Lock-in date|
|Accepted refugee claimant||Date refugee claim made|
|Privately sponsored refugee (Quebec)||Date Quebec receives undertaking application|
|Government Assisted Refugee and Blended Visa Office Referred Refugees (BVOR)||Date UNHCR made the referral|
|Live-in Caregiver (this program has been closed but there are still applications in process)||Date of initial work permit application|
|Provincial nominee||Date province or territory receives provincial nomination|
|Quebec economic immigrant||Date Quebec receives application for a Certificat de sélection du Québec|
IRCC, Dependant Children